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BREAKING NEWS :LASSA FEVER OUTBREAK:,154 DEAD, 24 STATES RECORD CASES.

BREAKING NEWS :LASSA FEVER OUTBREAK:,154 DEAD, 24 STATES RECORD CASES.

Nigeria may be battling the worst outbreak of Lassa fever in history. The fever which has afflicted over 284 has killed about 154 Nigerians from different parts of the country from August 2015 to date.

lassa-fev

Fresh cases are recorded every day in some states like Ondo and Bauchi, where the outbreak had earlier stopped, signalling that the disease could spread further. What implications does this development portend for Nigeria a year after the latest outbreak began? What lessons do we learn? Could this outbreak become an epidemic? No one can provide definite answers to these questions presently. The new Director-General of the Nigeria Centres for Disease Control, NCDC, Abuja, Dr. Chikwe Ikpeazu, had, recently, in an interview, maintained that Lassa fever outbreak is yet to become an epidemic but there are fears that the continued deaths of Nigerians as a result of the fever may be pointing in a different direction. Health watchers believe that unlike the response to Ebola outbreak, government may have failed to do same to Lassa.
Rather, the outbreak has been greeted with the attitude of complacency. For instance, the Minister of Health, Prof Isaac Adewole, while speaking to State House Correspondents in Abuja said Nigeria cannot win the battle against Lassa the same way it won the battle against Ebola because Lassa is endemic in Nigeria. The Minister also, at an Emergency National Council on Health meeting, said the country should not be talking about control, but rather should sign off the obituary of Lassa. He said: “I call it an embarrassment because as a nation we cannot witness Lassa fever every year; it is rather abnormal for a nation that has resources like we should have to be witnessing such epidemic.”

He promised that with the strengthening of the nation’s epidemiology surveillance and response, Lassa would be put under locked and key. Before now, millions of Nigerians did not imagine the seriousness of the threat of Lassa outbreak. Unfortunately, months after the inauguration of the committee on the fever, the current outbreak has taken a new dimension, as the country may have failed to interrupt the transmission.
Currently, the likely risk for medical personnel is the newest security threat confronting Nigeria. With the deaths of many doctors in the country, the threat of possible epidemic of the disease cannot be ruled out coupled with the resurgence of wild polio virus at a time Nigeria is facing serious economic challenges. Contrary to the assumption that Lassa is a seasonal disease, the Chairman, Lassa Fever Control Committee, Prof Oyewale Tomori, at a symposium in Lagos, disagreed that the outbreak was an emergency, adding that poor disease surveillance system has caused the escalation and persistent re-occurrence.
According to him, no fewer than three people are diagnosed of the disease daily in the latest out-break. “We have little value for life, until more than 100 people die, it is not an emergency. For many years, Lassa has been with us but we don’t take it serious. In other parts of the world, when a single person dies of a disease, it is a national emergency. For how long are we going to continue to call tragedy an embarrassment? He explained that the breakdown in disease surveillance did not make the country notice that Lassa has consistently brought sorrow, pains and agony to several homes. “If you are not hearing of new cases, it is not that the disease is not occurring, but because our disease surveillance is not up to par. We deceive ourselves that it’s a seasonal disease, but the fact remains that it occurs throughout the year.

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